Professor Leonard Berkowitz died January 3, 2016, at the age of 89. Social Psychology Network is maintaining this profile for visitors who wish to learn more about Professor Berkowitz's work.
Please see below for more information:
Although retired, I am still trying to develop my analysis of the formation, operation, and regulation of emotional states, particularly anger. This formulation holds that particular feelings, ideas, memories, and expressive-motor reactions are linked together associatively in an emotion-state network. The activation of any one of these components through focal attention presumably activates the other components in the same network. In the case of anger, it is presumed that any unpleasant feeling will tend to activate rudimentary anger feelings as well as aggression-related ideas, memories, and expressive-motor reactions, theoretically because of a biologically determined association connecting negative affect with these components.
- Aggression, Conflict, Peace
- Emotion, Mood, Affect
- Helping, Prosocial Behavior
- Social Cognition
- Berkowitz, L. (2000). Causes and consequences of feelings. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Berkowitz, L. (1993). Aggression: Its causes, consequences, and control. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Berkowitz, L. (1978). Group Processes. Cambridge, MA: Academic Press.
- Berkowitz, L. (1975). A survey of social psychology. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
- Anderson, C., Berkowitz, L., Donnerstein, E., Huesmann, L. R., Johnson, J., Linz, D., Malamuth, N., & Wartella, E. (2003). The influence of media violence on youth. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4, 81-110.
- Berkowitz, L. (1990). On the formation and regulation of anger and aggression: A cognitive-neoassociationistic analysis. American Psychologist.
- Berkowitz, L. (1989). The frustration-aggression hypothesis: Examination and reformulation. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 59-73.
- Berkowitz, L. (1983). Aversively stimulated aggression: Some parallels and differences in research with animals and humans. American Psychologist, 38(11), 1135-1144.
- Berkowitz, L. (1974). Some determinants of impulsive aggression: Role of mediated associations with reinforcements for aggression. Psychological Review, 81(2), 165-176.
- Berkowitz, L. (1973). Reactance and the unwillingness to help others. Psychological Bulletin, 79(5), 310-317.
- Berkowitz, L. (1964). Aggressive cues in aggressive behavior and hostility catharsis. Psychological Review, 71(2), 104-122.
- Berkowitz, L. (1960). The judgmental process in personality functioning. Psychological Review, 67(2), 130-142.
- Berkowitz, L. (1958). The expression and reduction of hostility. Psychological Bulletin, 55(5), 257-283.
- Berkowitz, L. (1953). Sharing leadership in small, decision-making groups. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 48(2), 231-238.
- Berkowitz, L., Cochran, S. T., & Embree, M. C. (1981). Physical pain and the goal of aversively stimulated aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(4), 687-700.
- Berkowitz, L., Fraser, C., Treasure, F. P., & Cochran, S. (1987). Pay, equity, job gratifications, and comparisons in pay satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72(4), 544-551.
- Berkowitz, L., & Harmon-Jones, E. (2004). More thoughts about anger determinants. Emotion, 4(2), 151-155.
- Berkowitz, L., & Harmon-Jones, E. (2004). Toward an understanding of the determinants of anger. Emotion, 4, 107-130.
- Kidd, R. F., & Berkowitz, L. (1976). Effect of dissonance arousal on helpfulness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33(5), 613-622.
- Berkowitz, L. (2003). Affect, aggression, and antisocial behavior. In R. Davidson, K. Scherer, & H. Goldsmith (Eds.), Handbook of Affective Sciences (pp. 804-823). New York/Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.